(+237) 243156419


INSTRUCTOR A Multi-Disciplinary Journal of Pedagogy, Humanities and Social Studies
Understanding Scientific Paper Writing and Publication: A Dissected Teaching for Trainees Mark Bolak Funteh 1

Publications in a reputable, peer reviewed journal is the goal of every scholar, as the most effective and permanent means of disseminating information to a large audience and accruing career benefits. This process of writing and publishing such for beginners and/or young researchers, for that matter, seems complicated and sometimes considered out of reach to many. But gaining required knowledge on how to do so and doing it right is fundamental in the brightness of the youngsters’ career. The fierce scholarly debate on the different approaches in Social Science and Humanities to investigate, collect, analyze and present data may have been prolonged, but the pattern of increasing interdisciplinary vocal recognition amongst critical scholars in recent years brings this divide narrative to book. This paradigm shift gives the impression that exclusivist dynamics in research and writing are experiencing the last minutes of protraction. This new tinge anchors article writing and publication, and teaching the art, in both fields against an interdisciplinary reliable and workable options for young scholars and instructors. This article, in its simplistic and conversional style and, on the bases of personal experience and dictates of ground-breaking publications on the subject, works in tandem with the recent anchor, as it attempts to inform beginners and add value to teachers of the art on the possible exploitable steps to have writing-ups or manuscripts appear in high value journals. It argues that only when a submission respects article-writing canons then can it be published.

Christian Missions and Primary School Teacher Training in Southern/West Cameroon, 1944-1972 Michael Kpughe Lang 1 & Bisherine Shang Bongaatoh 2

Christian missionary societies played a dominant role in the provision of primary education in British Southern Cameroons (later West Cameroon). Considering that the expansion of primary education depended upon the availability of qualified teachers, mission agencies such as Basel Mission, Mill Hill Mission and Cameroon Baptist Mission took measures to produce qualified teachers to serve in primary schools. Working in collaboration with the government, these mission agencies established teacher training colleges where thousands of primary school teachers were trained and posted to serve in mission, government and council schools. This paper analyses the role of Christian mission agencies in the training of primary school teachers in the West Cameroon State. It demonstrates that the active participation of these missionary societies in the training of primary school teachers aided the expansion of primary education in West Cameroon. These teachers filled an important gap in the teaching staff, with a resultant impact in the performance of primary schools. Indeed, it was thanks to the involvement of mission agencies in the training of teachers that the outnumbering of trained teachers by untrained ones was reversed. This increase in the number of trained teachers led to the opening of more primary schools, increased enrolment in these schools, ameliorated pupils’ performance in final examinations, and helped in expanding secondary education.

Fighting Food Crisis in Africa through Corporate Social Responsibility Initiatives, 1960- 2015 Kingsly Awang Ollong 2

Agriculture is the dominant sector in most African countries and plays an essential role in rural and overall economic development. More than 60% of Africa’s active labour force earns a livelihood in the agricultural sector. It is acclaimed that the future of Africa is closely intertwined with the development of its agricultural sector. Africa’s potential with respect to commercial agriculture is largely untapped, and the current status of agriculture is a source of major concern. It is against this setting that this paper postulates to evaluate the implications of multinational corporations in the promotion of commercial agriculture in Africa through their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) initiatives. The paper makes use of both qualitative and quantitative analyses to meet its objectives. To this effect, contacts were made with some fifteen multinational corporations (MNCs) to evaluate their contributions towards the promotion of commercial agriculture in Africa. In addition, oral interviews including other alternative sources were consulted to boost the data obtained from written sources. The findings of the study have provided practical evidence as far as the implications of MNCs through CSR initiative in promoting sustainable agricultural practices is concerned.

The Dialectic of The Intelligent Quotient (IQ) and The Social and Emotional Learning (EQ) in The Flourishing of Students/Teachers Valentine Banfegha Ngalim (PhD)

This paper set out to examine the place of social and emotional learning skills in enhancing a flourishing life for students. We employed a historico-comparative method to trace the negligence that traditional school systems had given to social and emotional learning skills. Here, we argued that for a long period of time, schools have given pride of place to cognitive skills (IQ) to the relative neglect of social and emotional learning skills (EQ). Owing to empirical studies carried out, the findings revealed that students with social and emotional learning skills flourish well in both cognitive and life skills whereas those with simply cognitive skills find themselves limited with great challenges of life. Following this previous study, we further employed a dialectic between IQ and EQ skills. This permitted us to discuss the five domains of applying the E Q skills. From the five domains of EQ skills, we maintained that EQ skills are absolutely necessary to ensure a whole flourishing of students, because these skills also provide an enabling atmosphere for cognitive skills. Therefore, our emphases on reading, writing and Mathematics have to extend to the grammar of life

Religions and Efforts to Deradicalize and Promote Social Peace in a Context of Security Crisis in Cameroon Pahimi Patrice 1

This study approaches from a critical perspective, the contribution of religious actors to the process of de-radicalization and the promotion of peace in the context of the security crisis in Cameroon. It addresses the question of general mobilization around the problem of radicalization driven by the terrorist movement Boko Haram, with a view to finding a lasting solution. Indeed, since 2013 Boko Haram has been able to take advantage of a precarious socioeconomic environment not only to build its nest in the Far North of Cameroon, and above all to gain quite a number of followers either by indoctrination, forced or voluntary enrollment. The coalition of military forces (Cameroonian army and mixed multinational force) which made it possible to restore relative peace now imposes the need to take charge of those who have opted for reddition. To achieve our objectives, we combined documentary research and empirical data collected in the field. Overall, it emerges from this study that religious actors are committed alongside the Cameroonian State and its national and international partners, to educate for peace, promote living together, tolerance, and promote the values of respect for the human being. , the right to be different. However, these actions, although laudable, suffer in the field from a partial mobilization of religious actors who, in fact are expected in the moral and spiritual rearmament of the former Boko Haram associates. Added to this is an unsuitable pedagogy of crisis so as to handle the cases of indoctrination.

Pubertal Physical Changes and Adolescent Academic Performance in Secondary Schools of Bamenda II and III Sub-Divisions, of The North West Region of Cameroon Lawong Maureen Yula 6 & Patrick Kongnyuy 7

The study sought to bring out issues that trigger stress in adolescents and to establish the relationship that exists between these stressors and the academic performance of the adolescent student. The correlational survey research design was used in this study. The two research instruments used to collect data were a questionnaire and an interview guide. The research presented both descriptive and inferential statistics; the descriptive statistics included frequencies and percentages, presented on charts and tables. For inferential statistics, the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPPSS) version 20 was used, precisely the Pearson Product Moment correlation was used to verify the hypotheses of the study tested at the 0.05 level of significance. The analysis revealed that: there is a relationship between physical changes and adolescent academic performance r=-0.375; there is a significant relationship between adolescent frustration and adolescent academic performance r=-0.362; there is a significant relationship between academic pressure and adolescent academic performance r=-0.093. After discussing the findings, it was recommended that the education stakeholders who are; students, counselors, teachers, school administrators and parents, should put into practice the various relaxation techniques, in order to better manage adolescent stress, so as to yield better academic output and to ensure the general wellbeing of adolescents. Based on some limitations, recommendations were made for further research to curb the incidence of stress in our secondary schools today.

Offerings To The Gods and Hostage Politics In The Peace-building in the Pharaonic Egypt of Thoutmosis III and Ramsès II Ferdinand Paul Enoka, PhD 1

Thoutmosis III and Ramses II are known in history as two warrior pharaohs and above all great conquerors. This contrasts with the widely held idea that Pharaonic Egypt was radically a pacifist empire. Through their many wars, they have confronted the harsh reality of building a lasting peace. Thus, renewing and supplementing the practices of their fathers, they accentuated the offerings to God for peace and created the policy of the hostage princes to consolidate and expand it. Based on the texts and other documents left by these Pharaohs themselves, and based on the theories of maaticracy (all peace comes from God) and those of the princely hostages (guarantors of alliances and builders of rings of peace), we will show how, in one of the greatest African empires in history, the search for peace on a small and large scale, knew how to combine the spiritual and the temporal to favor periods of peace sometimes exceeding the millennium.

Film and Conflicts in Africa: Reading Edward Zwick’s Blood Diamond Atufung Ngebenui Sheila1 & Paul Animbom N.2

The media is considered to be primordial in communicating to the masses by shaping what is seen and/or heard. The escalation of conflicts in the world as a result of exposure to violent media is non-disputable. From Hitler’s Nazi period to present-day Africa, media play a leading role in conflict escalation, prevention, or resolution. Film, one medium of communication which uses visual and auditory signs, translates representations, discourses, and myths of everyday life into specifically cinematic terms. It is received by the audience without necessarily correlating with the intended message. As the reception theory states, there is a general shift in concern from the author and the work to the text and the reader- the audience becomes a partaker in the meaningmaking process thereby giving different interpretations to the text. Using Edward Zwick’s Blood Diamond for illustrations, this paper looks at the role of media in propagating/preventing or resolving conflicts in Africa.

Socio-historical analysis of drought and famine in North Cameroon Fidessou Sylvestre 16

Drought, a phenomenon experienced by peoples from all over the world and this for centuries, has left its mark on the way of life of both ancient and contemporary societies. It is one of the primary causes of poverty and famine in Africa south of the Sahara. The populations of northern Cameroon, especially the Far North, have often been victims of the effects of drought. From the 20th century to the beginning of the 21st century, they suffered the recurring and drastic effects of drought. This seemingly endemic drought results in famine, which is a direct consequence of this natural phenomenon. In addition to starvation, it has other effects that either derive directly from it or indirectly from the end of its effects. The study is essentially based on empirical, documentary and archival data. It deduces that drought is the main cause of famine in northern Cameroon. It reveals that despite the recurrence of drought, the populations of North Cameroon and in particular those of the Far North and the North have developed resilient attitudes despite the harsh and devastating effects of this phenomenon.

Multimodal Pragmatic Analysis of Billboard Advertisements in Cameroon Seino Evangeline Agwa Fomukong 1

Advertisement is a specialized form of communication that has evolved over the years and enhanced commodity sales. The presentation of goods and services has moved from traditional forms of publicity to more advanced methods involving billboards. This work aims to do a pragmatic analysis of both the linguistic and pictorial roles of billboard advertisements. making use of purposeful sampling of 50 advertisements of billboards of companies in Cameroon were chosen and 20 with graphic pictures were analysed. The Speech Act theory of Austin and Searle as well as a blend of Barthes’s Textual Analysis Theory (1973) and Williamson’s Representation Theory (1978). Focusing on the illocutionary acts amongst the other acts (locutionary and perlocutionary), the data were examined by looking at assertives, directives, commissives, expresssives and declarative illocutions. The findings prove that advertisements using simple diction and structures merge images with texts to entice the consumer. Distinctive graphics and layouts and extensive use of imperative and declarative forms, chopping sentences into several parts to ensure that the messages are clear and easily perceived by recipients. This draws the consumer’s attention to differentiate their brands and achieve their persuasive ends.

COVID-19 Pandemic Management and Educational Implications on Students in the University of BamendaCameroon Nantchouang Djibie Dany Forming 1 & Awendem Tapongmo Thomas 2

The purpose of this study was to examine the impacts of COVID-19 confinement measures on students’ academic performance in the University of Bamenda. Indicators such as online learning, physical distancing and temporary closure of schools were investigated in line with the impacts they had on learners’ academic performances. It was hypothesized that the abovementioned indicators had a strong significant impact on students’ academic performance in the University of Bamenda. The descriptive survey research design was used with a sample of 150 third year students selected from the Faculty of science and Higher Teacher Training College Bambili. The instrument used for data collection was the questionnaire, doubled with Interview guide, analysis of documents and direct observation. The overall reliability of the questionnaire stood at 0.784 which implied that majority of the students was consistent in their responses. In data processing, a predesigned EpiData database which had in-built consistency and validation checks was used to enter the data. The descriptive statistical tools used were frequency count, percentages and multiple responses set which aimed at calculating the summary of findings for each variable where applicable. The findings of the study revealed that there was a very significant and negative relationship between online learning, temporary closure of classes in person and students’ academic performance but there was no significant relationship between physical distancing and students’ academic performance in the University. Based on the findings, the researcher recommended that the students should comply with COVID-19 measures to limit its spread, the students should give more priority to their studies during this period, instructors should use different methods of teaching and motivate learners more, counselors should provide sensitization and counseling services to students to better enhance their academic performance.

Women in Forest Resources Management: Evidence from Santa, Cameroon Gideon Samba *1 Julius Tata Nfor 2 Roland Chah Ngwaimbi 3

Women in Sub-Saharan African communities have increasingly shown interest in the management and conservation of forest within their respective communities. The present study reassesses the role of women in the management of community forest in Santa sub-division, North West region, Cameroon. Specific objectives were set to find out if women play significant role in community forest management in Santa, find out if including women in the decision-making process can contribute in better forest management and to examine the relationship between the role of women and their knowledge in forest conservation. A hypothesis was set and tested at .05 significant level. Data for the study were obtained through primary and secondary sources using a mixed design method of inquiry which combines both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Purposive and systematic random sampling techniques were employed for a sample population of 155 using Miller & Brewer Sample determination Method (2003). The data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings showed that there is significant relationship between the role of women and their knowledge of forest conservation. Pearson moment correlation statistics at .05 levels of significance was used to determine the correlation coefficients between the role of women and forest management in Santa. The pair wise correlation coefficient revealed that women’s role correlates perfectly with forest conservation and management at a p-value of 0.09. The study therefore strongly recommends that the government through its agencies and the municipal council of Santa should help formulate laws that can involve more women in decision making processes, this will help women not only to confine to labour intensive works but participate in advocacy programs which may lead to effective forest conservation and management.

Let's Chat - Online

Please fill out the form to start chat!